Burnout prints involve printing with a chemical substance that destroys the fiber in the pattern design print area. Thus, a hole in the fabric results where the chemical made contact with the fabric. Simulated eyelet embroideries are made with a 2-or-3 roller print, where one roller contains the fiber-destroying chemical and the other roller(s) prints a pattern simulating embroidery stitiching.
Another type of burnout print involves fabrics that are made from blended yarns, core-spun yarns, or fabric mixtures of two or more types of fibers. The burnout print chemical destroys one fiber (the cellulosic) and leaves the others undamaged. Many unusual and interesting fabrics are created with this method of printing. Such a fabric might be a rayon/polyester blend where each yarn is a 50/50 blend of polyester and rayon. When the burn-out printing is done, the rayon portion disappears (burnout) leaving the polyester unchanged. The result is a gauze-like print portion of polyester and the unprinted portion of original polyester/rayon blend.